Questions and Answers > Jesus and God > Qur'an

Is Jesus more than a messenger in the Qur'an?


1. Jesus is preferred above other messengers
“Those messengers - some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.” (Qur’an 2:253).
The Gospel confirms that Jesus was the messenger of God, but also that the message of Jesus for all mankind. Jesus gave instructions as a messenger to proclaim the message of the kingdom of heaven: “As you go, proclaim this message: ‘The kingdom of heaven has come near” (Matthew 10:7). Jesus also explained the message of the kingdom: “When anyone hears the message about the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in their heart. This is the seed sown along the path” (Matthew 13:19).

2. Jesus is near God and distinguished
“[And mention] when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary - distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah ].” (Qur’an 3:45).
According to Qur’an 3:45, Jesus is a person with extreme dignity in heaven and earth. This means holiness and blessings [1]. The Bible confirms that Jesus is near God and distinguished: “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last. I am the Living One; I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades” (Revelation 1:17-18).

3. Jesus is more than a messenger
The Qur’an refers to the fact that other messengers like him went before him:
“And [I have come] confirming what was before me of the Torah and to make lawful for you some of what was forbidden to you. And I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear Allah and obey me.” (Qur’an 3:50).
“And when Jesus brought clear proofs, he said, ‘I have come to you with wisdom and to make clear to you some of that over which you differ, so fear Allah and obey me.’” (Qur’an 43:63).
Therefore Jesus was not just a messenger, but more. Only Jesus can do the actions ’create’ and ’to give life’ (Qur’an 3:49). No messenger in the Qur’an has done such actions. God has taken Jesus to be with himself in his own presence (Qur’an 4:158), while the other messengers are still in their graves. Jesus will be back to this world to take control of it before the Day of Judgment (Qur’an 3:45, 43:61). Therefore the position of Jesus is above all other persons and exalts him to a level no human being ever reached. Therefore the Bible confirms what the Qur’an is telling us that Jesus is more than a messenger:
“Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue acknowledge that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:9-11).


Notes:

[1] Ali Merad, Christ According to the Qur’an, Encounter 1980-81: Documents for muslim-christian understanding n. 69, Roma, Pontifical Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies (P.I.S.A.I.), November 1980.