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Revelation 4:2 and 22:13: When Jesus is on the throne, where do the Father and the Holy Spirit sit?

There are many methods of unbelievers to deny the unity between Jesus, the Messiah, the Father and the Holy Spirit. One of them is the position problem that one one of them can sit on the throne. Jesus said: “Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to each person according to what they have done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End” (Revelation 22:12-13). There is only one throne in heaven: “At once I was in the Spirit, and there before me was a throne in heaven with someone sitting on it” (Revelation 4:2). The question is: who sits upon the throne? The answer: only Jesus, the Messiah according to Revelation 1:8, 18, 4:8, 22:12-13). But where do the Father and the Holy Spirit sit?

1. God Almighty is on the throne

“A throne in heaven with someone sitting on it” means that something which is hard to identity is on the throne. I doesn’t say that there is in heaven an animal in the form of a visible lamb, to represent Jesus, the Messiah [1]. It is also not the case that God himself appears in a visible human form. In other words: the glorious God Almighty upon the throne, not described by human features, so as to be represented by a likeness or image, but only by his surpassing brightness [2]. Psalm 17:15 supports the possibility to be aware of the glorious God Almighty: “As for me, I will behold your face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with your likeness”.

2. Jesus, the Messiah, the Father and the Holy Spirit are all God

The one who sits on the throne is Jesus, the Messiah. He is God Almighty and the same is valid for God the Father and God the Holy Spirit. There are verses in the Bible that support this claim: “The Lord says to my lord: sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet” (Psalm 110:1). The Hebrew for “Lord” is יְהוָ֨ה (JHWH) which means God Almighty. The words “to my lord” are in Hebrew לַֽאדֹנִ֗י, that contain the word אֲדֹנָי (Adonai) which is in English “Lord”, a synonym of God Almighty. The conclusion can be taken that God (JHWH) is speaking to someone who is also divine (Adonai) and also referred to as Lord. Therefore the question about the position of the Father and the Holy Spirit is no longer relevant, because they are all God and have no precise position, because they are out of time and space. For people on earth Jesus, the Messiah is most relevant, because as Messiah he is the replacement of the sacrificial system of atonement making intercession forever in a more perfect way: “But He, because He continues forever, has an unchangeable priesthood. Therefore He is also able to save to the uttermost those who come to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them” (Hebrews 7:24-25).

3. Conclusion

Many verses in the Bible support the divinity of Jesus, the Messiah. The book Revelation mentions that he sits on the throne. Because Jesus, the Messiah is God and also the Father and the Holy Spirit are God. Therefore the question who sits on the throne is an internal divine issue. The eternal and perfect world of God Almighty is out of time and space, so it is not possible to specify who sits on the throne.


1. Joseph Benson, Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments ... with Notes, Critical, Explanatory, and Practical, Volume 5, 2nd edition, 1818, Revelation 4:2.
2. Matthew Henry, An Exposition of the Old and New Testaments, 1710, Revelation 4:2.