Questions and Answers > Do we need the cross? > Qur'an

What do Muslims say about the experience of Jesus in heaven?

According to common Muslim faith, Jesus wasn’t crucified by Jews (Qur’an 4:157), but went immediately to heaven. This experience of Jesus in heaven or in the presence of God has an important position in Islam.

Jesus went to the presence of God to show reward for believers

For Muslims the attacks on Jesus had no success, because God didn’t allow them. Therefore it is an encouragement for Muslims that Jesus was taken to heaven after accusations and threatening by his enemies, because he had a holy life [1]. The great Qur’an commentator Tabari wrote that Jesus had been taken from the earth to a place with God. The Qur’an supports this claim: “[Mention] when Allah said, "O Jesus, indeed I will take you and raise you to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to Allah alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ” (Qur’an 3:55). Jesus was taken to heaven as the Qur’an confirms: “Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise” (Qur’an 4:158). The reason was not to have peace with himself, but to show the reward for the faithfull believers. This confirms the pattern of good deeds and reward [2].

Jesus has power over death

Some Muslims believe that an attempt has been made to crucify Jesus, but he did not die but raised up to God. Jesus has power over death, because he has raised people from the dead (Qur’an 3:49). He also performed a miracle with a table of food from heaven (Qur’an 5:112-115), which can be a reference to increase the faith of Jesus’ disciples for the future. According to a Muslim narrative, Jesus went to heaven with a woolen dress, made by his mother Mary. When he arrived in heaven, they told him: “O Jesus, cast away from you the adornment of the world” [3]. That means that the things of this world are different in comparison with life in heaven. For believers an indication that by following Jesus, the Messiah, there is a straight path to reach heaven, as the Qur’an says: ”And indeed, Jesus will be [a sign for] knowledge of the Hour, so be not in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path” (Qur’an 43:61).

Conclusion

According to Muslims, there may have been an attempt to attack Jesus, but it had no success and God raised him up. This is an encouragement for believers to follow Jesus, because his way of life has a reward in Paradise.

Notes

  1. Hüseyin Ilker Çinar, Maria und Jesus im Islam, in: Arabisch-Islamische Welt in Tradition und Moderne, Band 6, Wiesbaden, 2007, 112.
  2. Ar-Razi, Fahr ad-Din Muhammad b. ‘Umar: AtTafsir al-kabir, Cairo, 1950, 69.
  3. Mahmoud M. Ayoub, Towards an Islamic Christology II: The Death of Jesus, Reality or Delusion, A Study of the Death of Jesus in Tafsir Literature, The Muslim World, Vol. LXX, Hartford Seminary. 70 (2), 1980, 103.

Comments

Join Our Community

Follow Questions and Answers that matter to you and connect with those who share your interests. Learn from the experts in our community and ask, comment, and connect.