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Who is controlling the universe before Jesus comes back?

It is always a difficult taks to explain to Muslims the divinity of Jesus the Messiah. Some Muslims are trying to refute the divinity of the Messias by asking about the visible return of Jesus and who is sustaining the universe. Here some answers to make it clear.

Jesus has both a human nature and a divine nature

The human nature of Jesus in the virgin’s womb of Mary was united with the divine Word of God. The virgin Mary conceived Jesus the Messiah as a union of two natures. Therefore Jesus the Messiah lived on earth in a human body, but also had a life full of holy, awesome and supernatural manifestations, starting with his conception. Although Jesus the Messiah is one figure, he can be recognized in a divine nature and a human nature. The human nature of Jesus the Messiah doesn’t affect his divine nature. Just as coal receives heat from fire but does not impact blackness to it, in the same way the human nature does not affect the divine. It is possible to understand with the human mind that there can be no separation between the two natures when only the human nature experiences pain and death. This is possible because the divine power and authority can be truly united with human weakness in a human body. In that case, there will be no separation or distance between them [1]. This cannot be understood with pure human thinking. To verify this, the seacher for the truth needs a supernatural revelation, because this is about divine knowledge where human thinking has its shortcomings. Only God can tell about God. Only then, people become aware that this is the truth of God [2].

Jesus is eternal according to the Holy Scripture

There is evidence that the Messiah, who is Jesus and also called “Christ” is eternal. When someone is eternal, it means there is continuity. This implies that Jesus the Messiah did control the universe after he died and before he returns to our planet. In the New Testament, Jesus the Messiah is the Word of God: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (John 1:1). “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth” (John 1:14). “Only begotten of the Father” is described in another Gospel verse: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life” (John 3:16). The Word of God became embedded in human flesh with the conception in the womb of the virgin Mary. Since the Word of God acts in creation of the universe, revelation to mankind and salvation of the human soul, it is eternal. That Jesus the Messiah is eternal and not temporal is because before the union there is the eternal Word, but not the Messiah [3]. The Messiah can only be named after the eternal nature became incarnate by uniting created human nature.

Jesus the Messiah controls the universe

As Creator of the universe, God is needed to contine the laws of nature. This means that in case for one moment God stopped controlling and supporting the universe, it would be the end of it. Every small event in nature is dependent upon God whether it be the life on earth, or the movement of the planets and stars. The New Testament declares Jesus the Messiah as God Almighty: “God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; Neither is worshipped with men"s hands, as though he needed any thing, seeing he giveth to all life, and breath, and all things” (Acts 17:24-25). Because the Jesus is the Word of God, he is God. God is holding the sun and taking care of all the matters of the earth, feeding the birds and so on. Jesus said: “’I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End,’” says the Lord, ‘who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty’” (Revelation 1:8).


God is one. Jesus the Messiah died in the flesh, but the Messiah is also the eternal Word of God. The rational way out is to describe Jesus the Messiah with a human nature and a divine nature. The human nature of Jesus can no longer be seen on earth and until he comes back, his divine nature is controlling the universe. However the best way to believe is to get a supernatural revelation to understand.


  1. Mark Beaumont, Christology In Dialogue With Muslims: A Critical Analysis Of Christian Presentations Of Christ For Muslims From The Ninth And Twentieth Centuries, Regnum Studies In Mission, Carlisle, 2005, 70-71, 80-89.
  2. Hendrikus Berkhof, Sierd Woudstra, Christian Faith: An Introduction to the Study of the Faith, Grand Rapids, 2002, 23.
  3. Mark Beaumont, Christology In Dialogue With Muslims: A Critical Analysis Of Christian Presentations Of Christ For Muslims From The Ninth And Twentieth Centuries, Regnum Studies In Mission, Carlisle, 2005, p. 70-71, 79, 80-89.


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