Questions and Answers > Jesus and God > Trinity

Is the Trinity in the Bible?

A. Introduction

1. Trinity is about grace, love and communion:

“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen” (2 Corinthians 13:14).

2. Trinity is about responsibility:

“And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” Amen” (Matthew 28:18-20).

B. Trinity in the Old Testament

1. "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. Then God said, “Let there be light”; and there was light" (Genesis 1:1-3). "God created the heavens and the earth" is about the Father. "The Spirit of God" is about the Holy Ghost. "Light” refers to Jesus Christ, the Son of God. Jesus said: "I am the light of the world" (John 8:12).

2. "And God said, Let us make man in our image" (Genesis 1:26). The word God is in Hebrew אֱלֹהִ֔ים (’ĕ•lō•hîm,). This is plural every time it is used in the Old Testament. This kind of plural, is not the same as used by a majesty on earth, because Hebrew doesn’t have that kind of plural. The word “our image” is in Hebrew: בְּצַלְמֵ֖נוּ (bə•ṣal•mê•nū) and this is also plural. According to the apostolic Fathers, the Father was talking to the Son, Jesus Christ.

3. “And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us” (Genesis 3:22). Again the word God in plural in Hebrew Hebrew אֱלֹהִ֔ים (’ĕ•lō•hîm,). The word “our image” is in Hebrew: מִמֶּ֔נּוּ (mim•men•nū,) and this is also plural.

4. “Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.” (Genesis 11:7). Again “let Us”: God is plural.

5. “Then the LORD appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamre, as he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day. So he lifted his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing by him; and when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground, and said, ‘My Lord, if I have now found favor in Your sight, do not pass on by Your servant’” (Genesis 18:1-3).
Abraham is visited by the Lord in three individuals. This event between Abraham and God is what Jesus Christ, the Son of God, referred to when he said, "Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad." (John 8:56) According to the apostolic Fathers, Jesus Christ, the Son of God visited Abraham.

C. Trinity in the New Testament

1. "As soon as Jesus Christ was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and landing on him. And a voice from heaven said, ’This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased” (Matthew 3:16-17).

2. “There are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. There are differences of ministries, but the same Lord. And there are diversities of activities, but it is the same God who works all in all” (1 Corinthians 12:4-6).

3. “Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and has anointed us is God, who also has sealed us and given us the Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee” (2 Corinthians 1:21-22).

4. “And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, ‘Abba, Father!’” (Galatians 4:6).

5. “having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, in whom the whole building, being fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit” (Ephesians 2:20-22).

6. “But we are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God from the beginning chose you for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth, to which He called you by our gospel, for the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ” (2 Thessalonians 2:13-14).

7. “But when the kindness and the love of God our Savior toward man appeared, not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, whom He poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior” (Titus 3:4-6).

8. “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied” (1 Peter 1:2).

Conclusion: there is evidence for the Trinity in the Bible.