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Is Jesus God in the Qur'an?

When we look at the names of Jesus in the Qur’an we notice that this name is mentioned more times than Muhammad. There can be a mystery about the position of Jesus in heaven and on earth. The study on this page is written in such a way that is adapted to Muslims from their Qur’anic perspective. When you are a Muslim, you should read this page and pray to God Almighty for revelation and wisdom about the personal relevance of the content. The Qur’an confirms the Bible about the very high position of Jesus the Messiah.

1. Jesus had a miraculous conception

“She said: How can I have a son when no mortal hath touched me, neither have I been unchaste? He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord saith: It is easy for Me. And (it will be) that We may make of him a revelation for mankind and a mercy from Us, and it is a thing ordained. And she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place” (Qur’an 19:20-22 – Pickthall).

The supernatural conception and birth of Jesus is his one of the awesome events of his life. Jesus was born miraculously without any male intervention, he came from above. Although there are common things between Adam and Jesus, there are many differences between them: Adam was created from dust of the earth. Jesus was created by a Word of God, so he is heavenly. The Bible confirms that the roots of Jesus are divine: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God”... “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:1-14). See also Matthew 1:18, Luke 1:31-33, Matthew 1:23, John 1:1-14, Philippians 2:5-7, 1 Timothy 3:16.

2. Jesus is faultless

“He said: I am only a messenger of thy Lord, that I may bestow on thee a faultless son”(Qur’an 19:19 – Pickthall).

The supernatural conception with the Spirit of God made it possible that Jesus was born as a pure child, without sin. Being pure and without sin is an indication for perfection a holiness and therefore a divine attribute. The Bible also mentions that Jesus is without sin in 1 Peter 2:22 and 1 John 3:5.

3. Jesus is the greatest miracle worker

“And will make him a messenger unto the Children of Israel, (saying): Lo! I come unto you with a sign from your Lord. Lo! I fashion for you out of clay the likeness of a bird, and I breathe into it and it is a bird, by Allah's leave. I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I raise the dead, by Allah's leave. And I announce unto you what ye eat and what ye store up in your houses. Lo! herein verily is a portent for you, if ye are to be believers.” (Qur’an 3:49, 5:110 – Pickthall).

Jesus performed more healing and other supernatural good works than any other in history. The Bible gives a specifications of many different miracles e.g. in Matthew 12:15, Mark 1:34, Mark 3:10, Mark 4:39 and Luke 7:21. After Jesus went to heaven, his disciples and followers started to call the name of Jesus with the result that many supernatural miraculous healing have been done in his name till today. This has been mentioned in the Bible in Acts 3:6 and 10:38.

4. Jesus is a Sign

“And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for all peoples.” (Qur’an 21:91 – Yusuf Ali). See also Qur’an 19:21. God’s only and unique sign is Jesus. He is the only one who went from heaven to earth, showed mankind how to live and went back to heaven. The goal of the signs Jesus did was to educate people and to equip them on the way to heaven. More details are in the Bible in Matthew 24:3; John 2:11, 3:2, 12:18 and 20:30.

5. Jesus is a Mercy

“He said: So (it will be). Thy Lord saith: It is easy for Me. And (it will be) that We may make of him a revelation for mankind and a mercy from Us, and it is a thing ordained” (Qur’an 19:21 – Pickthall).

The feast of sacrifice in Islam is about the sacrifice of Abraham’s son. An animal died as a substitution for Abraham’s son. In this way, God had mercy with the son of Abraham. In the same way as the animal that died as a sacrifice is the mercy of Jesus the Messiah. As the Word of God and Spirit of God and Messiah, Jesus has the power to forgive sin and to be the mercy for all mankind. The Bible is telling us how important the role of Jesus is to be the Savior for everyone on earth. See in the Bible: Matthew 15:22 and Luke 17:13.

6. Jesus is a Witness

“Never said I to them aught except what Thou didst command me to say, to wit, 'worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord'; and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst take me up Thou wast the Watcher over them, and Thou art a witness to all things.” (Qur’an 5:117 – Yusuf Ali).

Jesus the Messiah showed the People of Israel and also people from other countries how life was meant by God. He restored the purity of God’s guidelines in the Torah and Psalms as the only true witness of perfect life, as can be read in the Bible in Revelation 1:5 and 3:14.

7. Jesus can create and give life

“And will make him a messenger unto the Children of Israel, (saying): Lo! I come unto you with a sign from your Lord. Lo! I fashion for you out of clay the likeness of a bird, and I breathe into it and it is a bird, by Allah's leave. I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I raise the dead, by Allah's leave. And I announce unto you what ye eat and what ye store up in your houses. Lo! herein verily is a portent for you, if ye are to be believers.” (Qur’an 3:49 – Pickthall).

The creation of a bird by Jesus reminds how God created the first man and woman with clay. There is much support in the Bible: John 1:1-3, John 1:10, Colossians 1:16 and Hebrews 1:2.

8. Jesus is the Messiah

“… The Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, was only a messenger of Allah, and His word which He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him...” (Qur’an 4:171 – Pickthall).

What is a Messiah? The name in the Qur’an is Al-Masiah. Masiah is well-know word for a Muslim, because it is related with washing. A Muslim makes “mas”, touching the head. It is touching. So the Messiah is the one who is touched, also called “anointed”. Al-Masiah is constantly touched. Qur’an says that Al-Masiah is constantly touched by the Roh Kudus, the Holy Spirit. Roh Kudus is in Islam the angel Jibrieel, the arch angel who is doing all activities based on instructions from God. Note that an angel has no free will or self-directed will and cannot choose to take this way or that way. Whatever they are ordered, they do it [1]. More details about the Messiah are in the Bible in Deuteronomy 18:18-19, Isaiah 7:14, Isaiah 53:5-12, Jeremiah 31:31, Micah 5:2, Matthew 26:63-64, Luke 4:41, John 4:25-26, Romans 9:5 and Revelation 12:10.

9. Jesus is the Word of God

“Behold! the angels said: "O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah” (Qur’an 3:45). See also Qur’an 4:171.

Jesus is the Word of God (Kalima Allah). Jesus has completed God’s Will as the Word of God to mankind. Refer to the Bible for the meaning of the Word of God in John 1:14, Colossians 1:16 and Hebrews 1:2.

10. Jesus is Spirit of God

“When Allah saith: O Jesus, son of Mary! Remember My favour unto thee and unto thy mother; how I strengthened thee with the holy Spirit, so that thou spakest unto mankind in the cradle as in maturity; and how I taught thee the Scripture and Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and how thou didst shape of clay as it were the likeness of a bird by My permission, and didst blow upon it and it was a bird by My permission, and thou didst heal him who was born blind and the leper by My permission; and how thou didst raise the dead by My permission; and how I restrained the Children of Israel from (harming) thee when thou camest unto them with clear proofs, and those of them who disbelieved exclaimed: This is naught else than mere magic” (Qur’an 5:110). See also Qur’an 4:171.

Jesus is Spirit of God (Ruh Allah). The Spirit of God is on Jesus the Messiah to give him the capability to do signs, supernatural miracles and to be God’s unique mercy for mankind. Confirmation is in the Bible in Luke 1:35, 4:1, 4:14, 4:18; John 1:32 and Acts 1:2.

11. Jesus was taken to heaven by God

“But Allah took him up unto Himself. Allah was ever Mighty, Wise”(Qur’an 4:158).

Many Bible verses give a description what happened when Jesus ascended into heaven both visibly and bodily, e.g. Mark 16:19, Luke 24:51-52, John 3:13 and Acts 1:11.

12. Jesus will come back again

“And (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of) the Hour (of Judgment): therefore have no doubt about the (Hour), but follow ye Me: this is a Straight Way” (Qur’an 43:61). See also Qur’an 3:45.

Jesus the Messiah will return first to our world. There are prophesies in the Bible about the return that describe Jesus in an extreme important role at the Day of Judgment, see Matthew 24:27; Luke 21:27; John 14:3; Revelation 1:7, 12:10 and 21:1-2.

Conclusion

The Qur'an opens many ways that Jesus is more than just a prophet or messenger. The Qur’an tells us not only that Jesus is the Word of God and Spirit of God, opens a way to accept that he is God. More and more Muslims every year make therefore the decision to accept the divinity of Jesus the Messiah [2].

Notes

  1. Sheikh Imran Hosein, The Return of Jesus The Messiah, Dawah Digital, London, 2018.
  2. Youtube, Changing Tracks: Mario Joseph, Muslim Imam convert, Apr 21, 2014.

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