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Qur'an 22:56: Is Jesus Christ the judge?

Most Muslims believe that Muhammad will finalize the undertaking of God on earth. According to Islam, Muhammad is the last prophet and Muslims believe he is the greatest prophet of all. We need to examine how the end of the earth is described according to the Qur’an. One verse is describing the divine Judge on the Day of Judgement:

“The Sovereignty on that day will be Allah's, He will judge between them. Then those who believed and did good works will be in Gardens of Delight,” (Qur’an 22:56 – Pickthall)

“[All] sovereignty that Day is for Allah; He will judge between them. So they who believed and did righteous deeds will be in the Gardens of Pleasure.” (Qur’an 22:56 – Saheeh International)

“On that Day of Dominion will be that of Allah: He will judge between them: so those who believe and work righteous deeds will be in Gardens of Delight.” (Qur’an 22:56 – Yusuf Ali)

Context of this verse

The verse is within a chapter that has both the characteristics of Meccan as Medinian chapters. Muslim scholars give as date for this verse the first period in the time Muhammad was in Medina. On the Day of Resurrection the power will belong only to Allah. It is the day on which the promised punishment will be executed to those people who haven’t been selected by Allah. Those who believe in Allah and do righteous deeds will be rewarded and will enter Paradise with eternal life.

Qu’ran confirms Previous Scriptures

The Qur’an confirms the Previous Scriptures, the Bible. In the book of Psalms is written: “The Lord reigns forever; he has established his throne for judgment. He rules the world in righteousness and judges the peoples with equity.” (Psalm 9:7-8). God has prepared his throne for judgment and sits on his throne as a righteous judge to see what people have done. People with a bad lifestyle can be wealthy but will not win in the end. The victory at the end of times is for the righteous, because God is a righteous judge. The eternal principles of righteousness will be victorious.

Jesus will complete the mission of God

The Qur’an is telling us that Jesus Christ is the one who completes the mission of God, the God of every Muslim:

“And indeed, Jesus will be knowledge of the Hour, so be not in doubt of it, and follow Me. This is a straight path.” (Qur’an 43:61).

So, suddenly Jesus is the one who will come in the Judgment Day. Therefore Jesus Christ is still alive and he is living above. While Mohammed and the other prophets are in the grave, Jesus Christ is alive. Jesus Christ has not only power over giving life, but also death over creation, over recovery (Qur’an 3:49). Resurrection will never happen until Jesus Christ is coming back. Jesus will come back and this is proof that Jesus is alive, unlike Mohammed who is in his grave. This is in agreement with other verses in the Qur’an, showing Jesus is a creator, has power over death, over life, over recovery over nature, over everything. His birth is not out of sex and he is not from dust (Qur’an 3:39, 45; 4:171). Jesus is a saying of the truth (Qur’an 19:34). Qur’an 43:61 is in line with the Previous Scriptures, the Bible: “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his glorious throne. All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.” (Matthew 25:31-32).


Jesus Christ is the one who completes the mission of God, the God of every Muslim. Suddenly Jesus is the one who will come before the Day of Judgment, not Mohammed. This is an indication that Jesus is the judge.


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