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Is Jesus the Creator in the Qur'an?

The Qur'an notices many amazing activities done by Jesus the Messiah. Is it possible that he was more than the greatest miracle worker, that he was in fact more than a servant of Allah? We need to evaluate the meaning of “creator” in relation with Jesus.

Allah as Creator in the Qur'an

According to the Qur’an, only Allah is able to create (Qur’an 6:102, 15:86, 16:17,20): “That is Allah , your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things” (Qur’an 6:102). The Qur'an says that only Allah has the power to create. One of the 99 names of Allah is “Al-Khaliq”. It means “The Creator.”

Jesus as Creator in the Qur'an

The Qur’an has two verses in which Jesus performs creation: "… 'Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of Allah . And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead - by permission of Allah ... " (Qur'an 3:49). "…O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission..." (Qur'an 5:110). Allah created man with his hands. This reminds to Jesus' creation of a bird from clay as we have seen in Qur'an 3:49 and 5:110 [1]. In Qur'an 23:12 Allah says: “We have created humankind from a sulala of clay”. How Jesus made birds from clay, according to the Qur'an, is a proof of his divinity. It reminds to the initial creation of mankind by the divine Creator of heaven and earth [2].

Muslim response

The arguments of Muslims against Jesus as the Creator is that in the Qur'an is written in “by permission of Allah" (Qur' an 3:49) or “with My permission" (Qur'an 5:110). So, Muslims say that the power came from Allah and Jesus had no power from himself, but from Allah. The Arabic text “bi'idhnillah” in the mentioned verses can be translated by “with permission” where “bi” means "with or by" and “idhn” means "permission". However, the word “permission” means “the right to do something that is given to you by someone in authority”. Note that by definition permission doesn't say that you have no power to do something. When we apply this knowledge to Qur'an 3:49 and 5:110 it means that Jesus could do his creations without power from outside. It says that Jesus has been delegated to create and has given the work to create. So Jesus does the same as Allah. The only logical way out to be in line with the divine Creator in the Qur'an “no deity except Him, the Creator of all things” (Qur’an 6:102) is to conclude that Jesus must be the Creator and Supreme Being.

Jesus as Creator in the Bible

The Bible has many references about Jesus Christ as Creator: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made” (John 1:1-3). “For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him” (Colossians 1:16). Jesus Christ in his human nature, is the visible discovery of the invisible God.

Conclusion

There is evidence in Qur’an and the Bible that Jesus Christ is the Creator.

Notes

  1. Daniel Carl Peterson, Creation, in: Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, Volume One, A-D, Leiden, 2001, 476.
  2. Neal Robinson, Clay, in: Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Qur’an, Volume One, A-D, Leiden, 2001, 340.

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