Questions and Answers > Is the Qur'an perfect? > Contradictions Qur'an 16-114

Qur’an 66:12 - Was the conception of Jesus through an angel?

There are different answers to the question about the conception of Jesus in the Qur’an:

1. Yes, conception of Jesus through an angel – Qur’an 66:12

“There is also the example of Mary, the daughter of ’Imrân, who guarded her chastity, so We breathed into her womb through Our angel Gabriel. She testified to the words of her Lord and His Scriptures, and was one of the sincerely devout” (Qur’an 66:12). It means that an angel created Jesus the Messiah.

2. No, Jesus was created by a command of God – Qur’an 3:59

“Indeed, the example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like that of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him, ‘Be!’ And he was!” (Qur’an 3:59). It implies that Jesus was born miraculously, because it happened without any male intervention.

3. No, conception of Jesus was through the Word of God – Qur’an 3:45, 4:171

“Remember when the angels proclaimed, “O Mary! Allah gives you good news of a Word from Him, his name will be the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary; honoured in this world and the Hereafter, and he will be one of those nearest to Allah” (Qur’an 3:45) . “Christ Jesus the son of Mary was a messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him” (Qur’an 4:171). From Qur’an 3:45 and 4:171 we can draw the conclusion that conception of Jesus came through the Word of God and the Spirit of God.

4. Conclusion

On one side we can read in the Qur"an that the birth of Jesus the Messiah has been made possible through an angel, while another Qur’an verse says that he came through God’s decrete. A third verse says that his conception was through the Word of God. Therefore Qur’an 66:12 is in contradiction with Qur’an 3:45, 3:59 and 4:171.


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